Tokyo

Space Measurement Standard

Tsubo*

Space Unit of Measure

Square Meters

Financial Data Below Reported In

USD

Notes:

*1 Tsubo = 3.3sqm - 35.5 sqf
5%*
Typical Loss Factor from Rentable to Useable Square Meters

Loss Factor Notes:

*measured from half of the demising wall and pillars

Landlord Concessions

Fit-Out Concession

The Landlord typically does not provide a contribution or concession to fit-out as a part of the lease transaction.

Rent-Free Period

In addition to the fit-out contribution, the Landlord typically provides a contribution or concession in the form of a rent-free period.

Standard Range of Rent-Free Months

3mo.-6mo.

Typical number of rent-free months.

Lease Provisions

Lease Term

2yrs.-5yrs.

Typical lease term in years.

Lease Term Notes:

There are two types of leases in Japan: Fixed Term and Traditional.

Operating Expenses & Service Charges Included

Quoted market rent typically includes operating expenses (service charges).

Additional Charges:

Utilities
Service Charges
Stamp Duty
Electric
Rates
HST
Cleaning
Hydro
Registration Fees
Taxes
Insurance
VAT
Other

Service Charge Notes:

If anything, only Common Area Maintenance (CAM) is included in the base rent in Japan. It is dependent on the landlord if it is included in the quoted rent; if it is not included it is extra, as are utilities.

Lease Timeline: The following apply to both office and industrial leases.

Lease Execution Requirements:

Typical upfront requirements
None for strong credit tenants
Upfront rental payment
Security deposit
Corporate guarantee
Not Applicable

Requirements Notes:

Usually a cash deposit of 10-12 months of rent

Negotiated Subletting/Assignment

The tenant's right to sublease or assign the space typically is NOT negotiated in the lease agreement.

Statutory Subletting/Assignment

This is NOT a statutory right.

Blend & Extend Strategies

Typically, a tenant can take advantage of "blend & extend" ("forward renewal", "early renewal", etc.) strategies when the appropriate market conditions exist.

Blend & Extend Notes:

Mainly for Fixed Term Lease

Statutory Early Termination

This IS a statutory termination right.

Negotiated Early Termination

It IS typical for tenants to be able to negotiate an early termination right in the lease agreement.

Early Termination Notes:

Subject to negotiation/lease structure.

Typical cost: dependent on lease structure (i.e. payment of remaining rent obligation, payback of free rent, etc)

Obligations Upon Lease Expiration

Basic broom clean condition and removal of special installations.
Dilapidations.
Complete restoration to shell.
Other

Tenant Obligation Notes:

Restored to original conditions - usually a warm shell

Workplace

Regional Office Space

75sm-150sm

Typical Square Meters per employee (includes office square footage for employees and contractors).

Regional HQ Office Space

150sm-250sm

Typical Square Meters per employee (includes office square footage for employees and contractors).

Tokyo market is behind.

Desk Sharing

Desk-sharing is not a common practice in the market.

Desk Sharing Notes:

Typically applies to sales team office

Urbanization of the workforce is: Not much of a trend in this market

Landlord Concessions

Fit-Out Concession

The Landlord typically does not provide a contribution or concession to fit-out as a part of the lease transaction.

Rent-Free Period

In addition to the fit-out contribution, the Landlord typically provides a contribution or concession in the form of a rent-free period.

Standard Range of Rent-Free Months

3mo.-6mo.

Typical number of rent-free months.

Lease Provisions

Lease Term

3yrs.-5yrs.

Typical lease term in years.

Operating Expenses & Service Charges Included

Quoted market rent typically includes operating expenses (service charges).

Additional Charges:

Utilities
Service Charges
Stamp Duty
Electric
Rates
HST
Cleaning
Hydro
Registration Fees
Taxes
Insurance
VAT
Other

Service Charge Notes:

Note that utilities, electric, taxes are charged in addition to the quoted rent, which only covers the common area maintenance.

Lease Timeline: The following apply to both office and industrial leases.

Lease Execution Requirements:

Typical upfront requirements
None for strong credit tenants
Upfront rental payment
Security deposit
Corporate guarantee
Not Applicable

Requirements Notes:

Usually a cash deposit of 10-12 months of rent

Negotiated Subletting/Assignment

The tenant's right to sublease or assign the space typically is NOT negotiated in the lease agreement.

Statutory Subletting/Assignment

This is NOT a statutory right.

Blend & Extend Strategies

Typically, a tenant can take advantage of "blend & extend" ("forward renewal", "early renewal", etc.) strategies when the appropriate market conditions exist.

Blend & Extend Notes:

Mainly for Fixed Term Lease

Statutory Early Termination

This IS a statutory termination right.

Negotiated Early Termination

It IS typical for tenants to be able to negotiate an early termination right in the lease agreement.

Early Termination Notes:

Subject to negotiation/lease structure.

Typical cost: dependent on lease structure (i.e. payment of remaining rent obligation, payback of free rent, etc)

Obligations Upon Lease Expiration

Basic broom clean condition and removal of special installations.
Dilapidations.
Complete restoration to shell.
Other

Tenant Obligation Notes:

Restored to original conditions - usually a warm shell

Section 1. Fit Cost Data

Value-Added Opportunities:

Significant local language, business and cultural barriers; No commodity based value adds

Total Fit-Out Cost

$1237/sm-$1560/sm

Class A Office

$968/sm-$1399/sm

Class B Office

Construction to Move-in Cycle Time

12wks-15wks

Class A Office

10wks-12wks

Class B Office

Section 2. Scope of Work Description

Phase 1: Services Before and During the Transaction

Review the LOI and work letter portion of the Lease to ensure that the clients interests are protected during the build-out of the project.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Advise Colliers broker and client on project issues and their resolution as they occur.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Participate in building tours, if requested, to evaluate building systems and other cost-related observations and prepare a building due diligence report
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Develop high-level project estimate and timeline based on test fit and Client standards
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Schedule and chair Schematic Drawings and Design Development Drawings review meetings/conference calls
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.

Phase 2: Service Before and During the Design Process

Develop preliminary project budget and schedule.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Develop the RFP for selection of a space planner/architect and any other consultants identified and required
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Analyze, compare and evaluate responses to the RFP.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Orchestrate the space planner/architect interview process.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Negotiate, on behalf of the client, professional services agreements with the space planner/architect and other consultants.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Review architect’s final Program of Requirements.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Monitor the design team’s schedule of deadlines and deliverables. Coordinate meetings with the design team and the client. Manage the design process on behalf of the client.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Review and recommend payment of the invoices for services. Submit invoices for payment to landlord or client and prepare monthly reports of project costs versus project budget.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Negotiate all client-vendor contractors (IT, AV, Security/Access Control, Signage, High Density Filing) on behalf of client.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Coordinate with either Architect or General Contractor in permitting process
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Schedule and chair weekly design review meetings/conference calls
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Other Value-Add Services: Test fits (including Look & Feel) - Cost Estimates - Schedule/timing/phasing scenarios - Floor plan, core and circulation efficiency ratios(GIA vs NIA) (NOA vs NIA) - Technical due diligence/Assessments - We may pack everything into a Feasibility Study or proposed them separately depending on the situation.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.

Phase 3: Services Before Construction

Liaise with the Landlord’s Representative.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Prequalify a list of general contractors to be interviewed (consult lease to confirm any Landlord required GCs).
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Develop the RFP, including Landlord and/or Lease required documents, for selection of a general contractor.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Analyze, level, and evaluate the responses to RFP.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Orchestrate general contractor interview process and prepare evaluation scorecard.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Review all proposed subcontractors and monitor the general contractor’s subcontractor bid process to ensure integrity of the process and quality of the workmanship.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Monitor the general contractor’s schedule of deadlines and deliverables. Coordinate meetings between the design team, general contractor, client and appropriate vendors.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Negotiate, on client's behalf, the General Contractor agreement for Client approval
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Schedule and coordinate Architect's 90% Construction Drawings review
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Develop Project Cost Summary + Invoice Tracker and update weekly
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.

Phase 4: Services During Construction

Coordinate with the Landlord’s Representative.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Conduct weekly construction meetings to assess progress, quality and conformance with the Contract Documents and distribute minutes of meetings.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Monitor the general contractor’s schedule.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Monitor the construction budget.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Review, and recommend for payment, the contractor’s Applications for Payment.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Monitor all project documentation.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Act at all times as client’s liaison to vendors contracted directly by Client (IT, AV, Security/Access Control, Signage).
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Oversee the punch list process to ensure acceptable completion of all items.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Close out all consultant, contractor and vendor contracts.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Submit General Contractor, vendor, and consultant invoices to Landlord for reimbursement per the Lease Workletter
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Review and recommend for payment all General Contractor, vendor, and consultant invoices; submit to Client for approval
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Deliver close-out documents, as specified in the Lease, to Client
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Coordinate value/engineering process, if required.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.

Additional Services: Services During Relocation

Develop RFP for moving companies, evaluate responses and recommend selection of moving company or identify, interview and review proposal for services from relocation consultants.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Represent Client in development of move strategy.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Monitor development of move activity checklist.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Represent client on site during move process.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.

Additional Services: Project Management Services Related to Furniture/Workstation Procurement

Conduct bid process for all furniture (workstations, case goods, seating, filing) purchases specified by the architect and/or client.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Conduct bid process for refurbishment of existing furniture and/or workstations.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Evaluate bids and negotiate purchase order with manufacturer(s).
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Negotiate national buying contract with select furniture dealerships, using Colliers International purchasing power
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.

Business Climate Business Climate data provided in partnership with Hickey & Associates. Rankings reported on a scale of 1 (least favorable) to 10 (most favorable). Please refer to the full report Explore 2017 for additional details.

Incentives and Labor Market

8, 2 8/10

Incentives
Value potential, diversity/number of programs

2, 8 2/10

Job Saturation
Competition for workers

5, 5 5/10

Wage Inflation
Rise in wages (past 10 years, local currency)

Educational Attainment

6, 4 6/10

HS Ed Eq
Proportion of population attaining this level

6, 4 6/10

University Ed
Proportion of population attaining this level

6, 4 6/10

Overall
Composite average of HS Ed Eq & University

Composite

5, 5 5/10

Additive sum of incentives, saturation, overall ed attainment, and wage inflation

This document has been prepared by Colliers International for advertising and general information only. Colliers International makes no guarantees, representations or warranties of any kind, expressed or implied, regarding the information including, but not limited to, warranties of content, accuracy and reliability. Any interested party should undertake their own inquiries as to the accuracy of the information. Colliers International excludes unequivocally all inferred or implied terms, conditions and warranties arising out of this document and excludes all liability for loss and damages arising there from. This publication is the copyrighted property of Colliers International and/or its licensor(s). ©2017. All rights reserved.

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