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Copenhagen

RICS

Space Measurement Standard
SQMT
SQFT
Space Unit of Measure

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Financial Data Currency[1]

Yes

Transfer Taxes

Office Occupier Market Condition

1,1,1,1

Ease of Doing Business – How conducive is the regulatory environment to starting and operating a business. Source: The World Bank, Doing Business – 2020

Labor Cost – Wages for skilled office workers. Source: Global Wage Index, Hickey & Associates 2020

Taxes – Favorability of taxation policies to business. Source: The World Bank, Doing Business – 2020

Tenant Favorable – Assessment of the real estate market condition for office space. Source: Colliers International

Quadrant Legend: Blue = Favorable Medium Blue = Neutral Red = Less Favorable

Typical Loss Factor

10%-20%

From rentable to useable square meters

Landlord Concessions

Fit-Out Concession

The Landlord typically provides a contribution or concession to fit-out as a part of the lease transaction.

Amount of Fit-Out Concession

kr0/sm-kr3000/sm

Typical range of fit-out contribution.

Rent-Free Period

The Landlord typically provides a contribution or concession in the form of a rent-free period.

Standard Range of Rent-Free Months

1mo.-4mo.

Typical number of rent-free months.

Payment of Fees/Commissions

The Landlord typically pays the tenant rep broker’s fee.

Payment of Fees/Commissions Notes:

As negotiated.

Lease Provisions

Lease Term

5yrs.-7yrs.

Typical lease term in years.

Operating Expenses & Service Charges Included

Quoted market rent typically does not include operating expenses (service charges). There are additional charges that apply to leasing space.

Additional Charges

kr150/sm-kr600/sm

Estimated range for all additional charges per Square Meters.

Additional Charges:

Utilities
Service Charges
Stamp Duty
Electric
Rates
HST
Cleaning
Hydro
Registration Fees
Taxes
Insurance
VAT
Other

Lease Fundamentals: The following apply to both office and industrial leases.

Lease Execution Requirements:

Typical upfront requirements
None for strong credit tenants
Upfront rental payment
Security deposit
Corporate guarantee
Not Applicable

Negotiated Subletting/Assignment

Typically, the tenant's right to sublease or assign the space is negotiated in the lease agreement.
Landlord Consent: Typically, the landlord's written consent IS still required.

Statutory Subletting/Assignment

This is NOT a statutory right.

Blend & Extend Strategies

Typically, a tenant can not take advantage of "blend & extend" ("forward renewal", "early renewal", etc.) strategies when the appropriate market conditions exist.

Statutory Early Termination

This IS a statutory termination right.

Negotiated Early Termination

It IS typical for tenants to be able to negotiate an early termination right in the lease agreement.

Workplace

Regional Office Space

14sm-19sm

Typical Square Meters per employee (includes office square footage for employees and contractors).

Regional HQ Office Space

15sm-25sm

Typical Square Meters per employee (includes office square footage for employees and contractors).

Copenhagen is a leading market in this category.

Desk Sharing

Desk-sharing is not a common practice in the market.

Urbanization of the workforce is: A major factor driving location decisions

Industrial Occupier Market Condition

1,1,1,1

Ease of Doing Business – How conducive is the regulatory environment to starting and operating a business. Source: The World Bank, Doing Business – 2020

Labor Cost – Wages for manuafacturing and warehouse/distribution office workers. Source: Global Wage Index, Hickey & Associates 2020

Taxes – Favorability of taxation policies to business. Source: The World Bank, Doing Business – 2020

Tenant Favorable – Assessment of the real estate market condition for industrial space. Source: Colliers International

Quadrant Legend: Blue = Favorable Medium Blue = Neutral Red = Less Favorable

Landlord Concessions

Fit-Out Concession

The Landlord typically does not provide a contribution or concession to fit-out as a part of the lease transaction.

Rent-Free Period

The Landlord typically does not provide a rent-free period in addition to the fit-out contribution.

Standard Range of Rent-Free Months

1mo.-3mo.

Typical number of rent-free months.

Payment of Fees/Commissions

The Landlord typically pays the tenant rep broker’s fee.

Payment of Fees/Commissions Notes:

As negotiated.

Lease Provisions

Lease Term

5yrs.-10yrs.

Typical lease term in years.

Operating Expenses & Service Charges Included

Quoted market rent typically does not include operating expenses (service charges). There are additional charges that apply to leasing space.

Additional Charges

kr80/sm-kr150/sm

Estimated range in total for all additional charges per Square Meters.

Additional Charges:

Utilities
Service Charges
Stamp Duty
Electric
Rates
HST
Cleaning
Hydro
Registration Fees
Taxes
Insurance
VAT
Other

Lease Fundamentals: The following apply to both office and industrial leases.

Lease Execution Requirements:

Typical upfront requirements
None for strong credit tenants
Upfront rental payment
Security deposit
Corporate guarantee
Not Applicable

Negotiated Subletting/Assignment

Typically, the tenant's right to sublease or assign the space is negotiated in the lease agreement.
Landlord Consent: Typically, the landlord's written consent IS still required.

Statutory Subletting/Assignment

This is NOT a statutory right.

Blend & Extend Strategies

Typically, a tenant can not take advantage of "blend & extend" ("forward renewal", "early renewal", etc.) strategies when the appropriate market conditions exist.

Statutory Early Termination

This IS a statutory termination right.

Negotiated Early Termination

It IS typical for tenants to be able to negotiate an early termination right in the lease agreement.

Project Management

Section 1. Fit Cost Data

Total Fit-Out Cost

kr4000/sm-kr8000/sm

Class A Office

kr3000/sm-kr4000/sm

Class B Office

kr2500/sm-kr2800/sm

Class C Office

kr500/sm-kr1000/sm

Warehouse

Furniture Cost

kr800/sm-kr1200/sm

Class A Office

kr600/sm-kr800/sm

Class B Office

kr500/sm-kr600/sm

Class C Office

kr500/sm-kr800/sm

Warehouse

Furniture Cost Notes:

Warehouse: refers to offices areas within a warehouse only

Floor Covering Cost

kr1000/sm-kr1500/sm

Class A Office

kr600/sm-kr1000/sm

Class B Office

kr300/sm-kr600/sm

Class C Office

kr1000/sm-kr1200/sm

Warehouse

Partitioning Walls Cost

kr800/sm-kr1200/sm

Class A Office

kr600/sm-kr700/sm

Class B Office

kr600/sm-kr700/sm

Class C Office

Partitioning Walls Cost Notes:

Drywall, regular ceiling height. Warehouse to be decided if above 3m.

Other (IT/etc) Cost

kr275/sm-kr400/sm

Class A Office

kr275/sm-kr400/sm

Class B Office

kr275/sm-kr400/sm

Class C Office

kr100/sm

Warehouse

Other Cost Notes:

Cat 6.

Construction to Move-in Cycle Time

22wks-80wks

Class A Office

22wks-80wks

Class B Office

22wks-80wks

Class C Office

Typical Manpower Hourly Rates

kr310/hr

Programme Manager

kr250/hr

Senior Project Manager

kr210/hr

Project Manager

kr210/hr

Junior Project Manager

kr140/hr

Project Assistant

kr210/hr

Workplace Consultant

kr250/hr

Designer/Architect

Project Management Base Fee

8-12%

Base fee [%] for the fitout of above office of 1000 m2.

Base Fee Notes:

The bigger the office the lower the percentage 3-5% for large offices only

Section 2. Scope of Work Description

Phase 1: Services Before and During the Transaction

Review the LOI and work letter portion of the Lease to ensure that the clients interests are protected during the build-out of the project.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Advise Colliers broker and client on project issues and their resolution as they occur.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Participate in building tours, if requested, to evaluate building systems and other cost-related observations and prepare a building due diligence report
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Develop high-level project estimate and timeline based on test fit and Client standards
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Schedule and chair Schematic Drawings and Design Development Drawings review meetings/conference calls
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Define workplace strategy for client, research what kind of location, office / work environment accelerates business
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Define program of requirements for location, building and interior characteristics
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Engage with the Client Facilities Management (FM) Operations team to ensure alignment with Client standards
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Phase 1 Notes:
This Phase I is typically handled by the Tenant Rep service line, using PM and Workplace service lines resources whenever necessary.

Develop high-level project estimate and timeline based on test fit and Client standards, typically turn-key delivery by landlords.

Define workplace strategy for client, research what kind of location, office/work environment accelerates business. Delivered by workplace consultant high level: free of charge, detailed upon separate instructions.

Define program of requirements for location, building and interior characteristics: High level: free of charge, detailed upon request.

Engage with the FM to ensure alignment with client standards: High level: free of charge, detailed upon request.

Phase 2: Service Before and During the Design Process

Develop preliminary project budget and schedule.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Develop the RFP for selection of a space planner/architect and any other consultants identified and required
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Analyze, compare and evaluate responses to the RFP.
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Orchestrate the space planner/architect interview process.
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Negotiate, on behalf of the client, professional services agreements with the space planner/architect and other consultants.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Review architect’s final Program of Requirements.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Monitor the design team’s schedule of deadlines and deliverables. Coordinate meetings with the design team and the client. Manage the design process on behalf of the client.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Review and recommend payment of the invoices for services. Submit invoices for payment to landlord or client and prepare monthly reports of project costs versus project budget.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Negotiate all client-vendor contractors (IT, AV, Security/Access Control, Signage, High Density Filing) on behalf of client.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Coordinate with either Architect or General Contractor in permitting process
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Schedule and chair weekly design review meetings/conference calls
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Other Value-Add Services: Test fits (including Look & Feel) - Cost Estimates - Schedule/timing/phasing scenarios - Floor plan, core and circulation efficiency ratios(GIA vs NIA) (NOA vs NIA) - Technical due diligence/Assessments - We may pack everything into a Feasibility Study or proposed them separately depending on the situation.
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Define interior guidelines for architect based on workplace strategy
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Control workplace strategy and functionality and during design process
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Architectural design
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Phase 2 Notes:
Facilitate, participate and provide recommendations on the space planner/architect interview process delivered by Workplace consultant.

Negotiate, on behalf of the client, professional services agreements with the space planner/architect and other consultants in cooperation with Workplace consultant.

Review architect’s final Program of Requirements delivered by Workplace consultant.

Manage the design process on behalf of the client in cooperation with Workplace consultant.

No FM advisory.

Define interior guidelines for architect based on workplace strategy and 2.13 control workplace strategy and functionality during design process delivered by Workplace consultant.

Architectural design using external partners.

Phase 3: Services Before Construction

Liaise with the Landlord’s Representative.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Prequalify a list of general contractors to be interviewed (consult lease to confirm any Landlord required GCs).
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Develop the RFP, including Landlord and/or Lease required documents, for selection of a general contractor.
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Analyze, level, and evaluate the responses to RFP.
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Orchestrate general contractor interview process and prepare evaluation scorecard.
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Review all proposed subcontractors and monitor the general contractor’s subcontractor bid process to ensure integrity of the process and quality of the workmanship.
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Monitor the general contractor’s schedule of deadlines and deliverables. Coordinate meetings between the design team, general contractor, client and appropriate vendors.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Negotiate, on client's behalf, the General Contractor agreement for Client approval
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Schedule and coordinate Architect's 90% Construction Drawings review
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Develop Project Cost Summary + Invoice Tracker and update weekly
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Phase 3 Notes:
Liaise with the Landlord’s Representative: Typically handled by the Tenant Rep service line, using PM and Workplace service lines resources whenever necessary. Typically turn-key delivery by landlords.

Develop Project Cost Summary + Invoice Tracker and update weekly: updates as needed.

Phase 4: Services During Construction

Coordinate with the Landlord’s Representative.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Conduct weekly construction meetings to assess progress, quality and conformance with the Contract Documents and distribute minutes of meetings.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Monitor the general contractor’s schedule.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Monitor the construction budget.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Review, and recommend for payment, the contractor’s Applications for Payment.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Monitor all project documentation.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Act at all times as client’s liaison to vendors contracted directly by Client (IT, AV, Security/Access Control, Signage).
Not available / not a service that can be offered.
Oversee the punch list process to ensure acceptable completion of all items.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Close out all consultant, contractor and vendor contracts.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Submit General Contractor, vendor, and consultant invoices to Landlord for reimbursement per the Lease Workletter
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Review and recommend for payment all General Contractor, vendor, and consultant invoices; submit to Client for approval
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Deliver close-out documents, as specified in the Lease, to Client
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Coordinate value/engineering process, if required.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Provide as-built drawings and O&M Manuals to Client FM Operations team
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Monitor one year guarantee period and final hand over
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Phase 4 Notes:
No FM advisory.

Additional Services: Services During Relocation

Develop RFP for moving companies, evaluate responses and recommend selection of moving company or identify, interview and review proposal for services from relocation consultants.
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Represent Client in development of move strategy.
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Monitor development of move activity checklist.
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Represent client on site during move process.
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Additional Services Notes:
For move strategy and monitoring, we utilize specialist move firms.

Additional Services: Project Management Services Related to Furniture/Workstation Procurement

Conduct bid process for all furniture (workstations, case goods, seating, filing) purchases specified by the architect and/or client.
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Conduct bid process for refurbishment of existing furniture and/or workstations.
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Evaluate bids and negotiate purchase order with manufacturer(s).
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Negotiate national buying contract with select furniture dealerships, using Colliers International purchasing power
Not available / not a service that can be offered.
Change management before, during and after moving to the new work environment
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Measuring/monitoring (KPI's) how the way of working and building accelerates business and goals of the client
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Additional Services Notes:
Delivered by workplace consultant.

Operating Environment Data provided in partnership with Hickey & Associates. Rankings reported on a scale of 1 (least favorable) to 10 (most favorable).

Human Capital

6, 4 6/10

Labor Force Growth
Labor force growth rate (past 5 years)

6, 4 6/10

Wage Inflation
Rise in wages (past 5 years, local currency)

6, 4 6/10

Millenials
Proportion of population in the age 20-39 cohort


4, 6 4/10

High School Edu Equiv
Proportion of population attaining this level

6, 4 6/10

University Edu
Proportion of population attaining this level

5, 5 5/10

Overall Edu
Composite average of High School & University


6, 4 6/10

Human Capital Composite

Business Climate

7, 3 7/10

Innovation
Presence of innovative factors in economy

7, 3 7/10

Economic Risk
Resilience of economy to unexpected events

10, 0 10/10

Business Environment
Friendliness of business environment

6, 4 6/10

Incentives
Value potential, diversity/number of programs


8, 2 8/10

Business Climate Composite

Operating Environment Composite

7, 3 7/10

Combined average score of Human Capital and Business Climate factors

[1]Currency conversion works for estimate purposes only and may not reflect real-time values.

This document has been prepared by Colliers International for advertising and general information only. Colliers International makes no guarantees, representations or warranties of any kind, expressed or implied, regarding the information including, but not limited to, warranties of content, accuracy and reliability. Any interested party should undertake their own inquiries as to the accuracy of the information. Colliers International excludes unequivocally all inferred or implied terms, conditions and warranties arising out of this document and excludes all liability for loss and damages arising there from. This publication is the copyrighted property of Colliers International and/or its licensor(s).

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