Paris

Space Measurement Standard

RICS

Space Unit of Measure

Square Meters

Financial Data Below Reported In

EUR

30%*
Typical Loss Factor from Rentable to Useable Square Meters

Loss Factor Notes:

*Variables dependent on size and whether it is an old or new building

Landlord Concessions

Fit-Out Concession

The Landlord typically does not provide a contribution or concession to fit-out as a part of the lease transaction.

Fit-Out Cost Notes:

Dependent on negotiation

Rent-Free Period

In addition to the fit-out contribution, the Landlord typically provides a contribution or concession in the form of a rent-free period.

Standard Range of Rent-Free Months

1mo.-3mo.

Typical number of rent-free months.

Rent-Free Period Notes:

Per fixed year

Lease Provisions

Lease Term

3yrs.-9yrs.

Typical lease term in years.

Lease Term Notes:

All leases for 9 years, typical breaks at year 3 and 6 or 6 only. Much larger properties can be leased for 12 years.

Operating Expenses & Service Charges Included

Quoted market rent typically does not include operating expenses (service charges). There are additional charges that apply to leasing space.

Additional Charges

€6/sm-€13/sm

Estimated range for all additional charges per Square Meters.

Additional Charges:

Utilities
Service Charges
Stamp Duty
Electric
Rates
HST
Cleaning
Hydro
Registration Fees
Taxes
Insurance
VAT
Other

Service Charge Notes:

Electric, utilities and cleaning for common parts only. Landlord pays building insurance only.

Lease Timeline: The following apply to both office and industrial leases.

Lease Execution Requirements:

Typical upfront requirements
None for strong credit tenants
Upfront rental payment
Security deposit
Corporate guarantee
Not Applicable

Requirements Notes:

Can also be bank guarantee

Negotiated Subletting/Assignment

Typically, the tenant's right to sublease or assign the space is negotiated in the lease agreement.
Landlord Consent: Typically, the landlord's written consent IS still required.

Negotiated Subletting/Assignment Notes:

Assignment to successor automatic right - other rights by negotiation

Blend & Extend Strategies

Typically, a tenant can take advantage of "blend & extend" ("forward renewal", "early renewal", etc.) strategies when the appropriate market conditions exist.

Statutory Early Termination

This is NOT a statutory termination right.

Negotiated Early Termination

It IS typical for tenants to be able to negotiate an early termination right in the lease agreement.

Early Termination Notes:

No cost unless penalty negotiated in initial lease

Obligations Upon Lease Expiration

Basic broom clean condition and removal of special installations.
Dilapidations.
Complete restoration to shell.
Other

Tenant Obligation Notes:

Good, very good, perfect or original condition depending on negotiation

Workplace

Paris market is behind.

Desk Sharing

Desk-sharing is not a common practice in the market.

Urbanization of the workforce is: Equal to several other considerations driving location decisions

Landlord Concessions

Fit-Out Concession

The Landlord typically does not provide a contribution or concession to fit-out as a part of the lease transaction.

Rent-Free Period

In addition to the fit-out contribution, the Landlord typically provides a contribution or concession in the form of a rent-free period.

Standard Range of Rent-Free Months

1mo.-3mo.

Typical number of rent-free months.

Lease Provisions

Lease Term

3yrs.-9yrs.

Typical lease term in years.

Lease Term Notes:

All leases for 9 years, typical breaks at year 3 and 6 or 6 only. Much larger properties can be leased for 12 years.

Operating Expenses & Service Charges Included

Quoted market rent typically does not include operating expenses (service charges). There are additional charges that apply to leasing space.

Additional Charges:

Utilities
Service Charges
Stamp Duty
Electric
Rates
HST
Cleaning
Hydro
Registration Fees
Taxes
Insurance
VAT
Other

Service Charge Notes:

Electric, utilities and cleaning for common parts only. Landlord pays building insurance only

Lease Timeline: The following apply to both office and industrial leases.

Lease Execution Requirements:

Typical upfront requirements
None for strong credit tenants
Upfront rental payment
Security deposit
Corporate guarantee
Not Applicable

Requirements Notes:

Can also be bank guarantee

Negotiated Subletting/Assignment

Typically, the tenant's right to sublease or assign the space is negotiated in the lease agreement.
Landlord Consent: Typically, the landlord's written consent IS still required.

Negotiated Subletting/Assignment Notes:

Assignment to successor automatic right - other rights by negotiation

Blend & Extend Strategies

Typically, a tenant can take advantage of "blend & extend" ("forward renewal", "early renewal", etc.) strategies when the appropriate market conditions exist.

Statutory Early Termination

This is NOT a statutory termination right.

Negotiated Early Termination

It IS typical for tenants to be able to negotiate an early termination right in the lease agreement.

Early Termination Notes:

No cost unless penalty negotiated in initial lease

Obligations Upon Lease Expiration

Basic broom clean condition and removal of special installations.
Dilapidations.
Complete restoration to shell.
Other

Tenant Obligation Notes:

Good, very good, perfect or original condition depending on negotiation

Section 1. Fit Cost Data

Total Fit-Out Cost

€700/sm-€1200/sm

Class A Office

€450/sm-€650/sm

Class B Office

€290/sm-€390/sm

Class C Office

Total Fit-Out Cost Notes:

Fees and insurances excluded

Furniture Cost

€350/sm

Class A Office

€250/sm

Class B Office

€150/sm

Class C Office

Floor Covering Cost

€60/sm

Class A Office

€40/sm

Class B Office

Floor Covering Cost Notes:

These costs are typically paid by the landlord, but minor works are paid by the tenant.

Partitioning Walls Cost

€200/sm

Class A Office

€100/sm

Class B Office

€50/sm

Class C Office

Other (IT/etc) Cost

€70/sm

Class A Office

€60/sm

Class B Office

€50/sm

Class C Office

Other Cost Notes:

Includes cables but no active parts.

Construction to Move-in Cycle Time

16wks-20wks

Class A Office

12wks-16wks

Class B Office

8wks-12wks

Class C Office

Cycle Cost Notes:

Furniture are to be ordered 10 weeks before the move (8 weeks for manufacturing and 2 weeks for installation).

Typical Manpower Hourly Rates

€150/hr

Programme Manager

€150/hr

Senior Project Manager

€125/hr

Project Manager

€110/hr

Junior Project Manager

€85/hr

Project Assistant

€150/hr

Workplace Consultant

€112/hr

Designer/Architect

Section 2. Scope of Work Description

Phase 1: Services Before and During the Transaction

Review the LOI and work letter portion of the Lease to ensure that the clients interests are protected during the build-out of the project.
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Advise Colliers broker and client on project issues and their resolution as they occur.
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Participate in building tours, if requested, to evaluate building systems and other cost-related observations and prepare a building due diligence report
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Develop high-level project estimate and timeline based on test fit and Client standards
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Schedule and chair Schematic Drawings and Design Development Drawings review meetings/conference calls
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Define workplace strategy for client, research what kind of location, office / work environment accelerates business
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Define program of requirements for location, building and interior characteristics
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Engage with the Client Facilities Management (FM) Operations team to ensure alignment with Client standards
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Phase 1 Notes:
Review the Letter Of Intent (LOI) and work letter portion of the Lease to ensure that the clients interests are protected during the build-out of the project: This is typically handled by the Tenant Rep service line, using PM and Workplace service lines resources whenever necessary.

Define workplace strategy for client, research what kind of location, office / work environment accelerates business: Using our specific Workplace Consultancy service line.

Engage with the Client Facilities Management (FM) Operations team to ensure alignment with Client standards: FM Consulting only through partnership with specialists.

Phase 2: Service Before and During the Design Process

Develop preliminary project budget and schedule.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Develop the RFP for selection of a space planner/architect and any other consultants identified and required
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Analyze, compare and evaluate responses to the RFP.
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Orchestrate the space planner/architect interview process.
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Negotiate, on behalf of the client, professional services agreements with the space planner/architect and other consultants.
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Review architect’s final Program of Requirements.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Monitor the design team’s schedule of deadlines and deliverables. Coordinate meetings with the design team and the client. Manage the design process on behalf of the client.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Review and recommend payment of the invoices for services. Submit invoices for payment to landlord or client and prepare monthly reports of project costs versus project budget.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Negotiate all client-vendor contractors (IT, AV, Security/Access Control, Signage, High Density Filing) on behalf of client.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Coordinate with either Architect or General Contractor in permitting process
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Schedule and chair weekly design review meetings/conference calls
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Other Value-Add Services: Test fits (including Look & Feel) - Cost Estimates - Schedule/timing/phasing scenarios - Floor plan, core and circulation efficiency ratios(GIA vs NIA) (NOA vs NIA) - Technical due diligence/Assessments - We may pack everything into a Feasibility Study or proposed them separately depending on the situation.
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Define interior guidelines for architect based on workplace strategy
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Control workplace strategy and functionality and during design process
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Architectural design
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Phase 2 Notes:
Develop the RFP for selection of a space planner/architect and any other consultants identified and required: We usually provide the services of our own architects and engineers. We can recommend consultants for specific studies.

Review and recommend payment of the invoices for services. Submit invoices for payment to landlord or client and prepare monthly reports of project costs versus project budget: We consider in all sections that the Design/Build scope of work is related to a Turnkey project. Colliers France provides the Design services, acts as a General Contractor, and is fully responsible of the final delivery.

Negotiate all client-vendor contractors (IT, AV, Security/Access Control, Signage, High Density Filing) on behalf of Client and/or Work with the Client FM Operations team to advise on FM services strategy for property: FM Consulting only through partnership with specialists.

Define interior guidelines for architect based on workplace strategy: Using our specific Workplace Consultancy service line.

Control workplace strategy and functionality and during design process: Using our specific Workplace Consultancy service line.

Architectural design: interior architecture only.

Phase 3: Services Before Construction

Liaise with the Landlord’s Representative.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Prequalify a list of general contractors to be interviewed (consult lease to confirm any Landlord required GCs).
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Develop the RFP, including Landlord and/or Lease required documents, for selection of a general contractor.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Analyze, level, and evaluate the responses to RFP.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Orchestrate general contractor interview process and prepare evaluation scorecard.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Review all proposed subcontractors and monitor the general contractor’s subcontractor bid process to ensure integrity of the process and quality of the workmanship.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Monitor the general contractor’s schedule of deadlines and deliverables. Coordinate meetings between the design team, general contractor, client and appropriate vendors.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Negotiate, on client's behalf, the General Contractor agreement for Client approval
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Schedule and coordinate Architect's 90% Construction Drawings review
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Develop Project Cost Summary + Invoice Tracker and update weekly
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Phase 3 Notes:
Prequalify a list of general contractors to be interviewed: The content of the PM mission in phases III and IV varies a lot depending on the assignment. From an AMO mission (Assistance Maîtrise d'Ouvrage = PM Adviser to the client) to a full PM mission.

Develop Project Cost Summary + Invoice Tracker and update weekly: usually a monthly update, or every second week.

Phase 4: Services During Construction

Coordinate with the Landlord’s Representative.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Conduct weekly construction meetings to assess progress, quality and conformance with the Contract Documents and distribute minutes of meetings.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Monitor the general contractor’s schedule.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Monitor the construction budget.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Review, and recommend for payment, the contractor’s Applications for Payment.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Monitor all project documentation.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Act at all times as client’s liaison to vendors contracted directly by Client (IT, AV, Security/Access Control, Signage).
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Oversee the punch list process to ensure acceptable completion of all items.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Close out all consultant, contractor and vendor contracts.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Submit General Contractor, vendor, and consultant invoices to Landlord for reimbursement per the Lease Workletter
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Review and recommend for payment all General Contractor, vendor, and consultant invoices; submit to Client for approval
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Deliver close-out documents, as specified in the Lease, to Client
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Coordinate value/engineering process, if required.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Provide as-built drawings and O&M Manuals to Client FM Operations team
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Typically included in “Design/Build” scope of work.
Phase 4 Notes:
Act at all times as client’s liaison to vendors contracted directly by Client (IT, AV, Security/Access Control, Signage) and/or Support Client FM Operations team in the set up and mobilization of the FM services and effect commissioning and handover: FM Consulting only through partnership with specialists.

Additional Services: Services During Relocation

Develop RFP for moving companies, evaluate responses and recommend selection of moving company or identify, interview and review proposal for services from relocation consultants.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Represent Client in development of move strategy.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Monitor development of move activity checklist.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Represent client on site during move process.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Additional Services Notes:
Involving our specific Move consultants for these.

Additional Services: Project Management Services Related to Furniture/Workstation Procurement

Conduct bid process for all furniture (workstations, case goods, seating, filing) purchases specified by the architect and/or client.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Conduct bid process for refurbishment of existing furniture and/or workstations.
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Evaluate bids and negotiate purchase order with manufacturer(s).
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Negotiate national buying contract with select furniture dealerships, using Colliers International purchasing power
Typically included in "Project Management" scope of work.
Change management before, during and after moving to the new work environment
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Measuring/monitoring (KPI's) how the way of working and building accelerates business and goals of the client
Not typically included at all, but available for an additional fee.
Additional Services Notes:
Involving our specific Furniture consultants for these, and our specific Workplace Consultancy service line.

Business Climate Business Climate data provided in partnership with Hickey & Associates. Rankings reported on a scale of 1 (least favorable) to 10 (most favorable). Please refer to the full report Explore 2017 for additional details.

Incentives and Labor Market

7, 3 7/10

Incentives
Value potential, diversity/number of programs

7, 3 7/10

Job Saturation
Competition for workers

8, 2 8/10

Wage Inflation
Rise in wages (past 10 years, local currency)

Educational Attainment

8, 2 8/10

HS Ed Eq
Proportion of population attaining this level

6, 4 6/10

University Ed
Proportion of population attaining this level

7, 3 7/10

Overall
Composite average of HS Ed Eq & University

Composite

7, 3 7/10

Additive sum of incentives, saturation, overall ed attainment, and wage inflation

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